What is attachment?
Attachment is the interaction or bond that forms between carer and infant. The type or style of attachment may differ from one person to another. Attachment forms a blueprint for future relationships that informs emotional and cognitive development. Childhood trauma or neglect can lead to the development of insecure attachments.
- Secure attachment: results from typical development and what is described as ‘good enough’ parenting
- Insecure attachment:
# Anxious avoidant – may develop if parents are emotionally unavailable for the infant/child. An insensitivity to the needs of the infant resulting in rejection, separation, or unresolved loss.
# Anxious ambivalent – infants needs are met,but this is on the adult’s terms, not the child’s. For example, dinner is served but when the adult is hungry, not the child.
# Disorganised attachment – all behaviour is an extreme with no pattern. A secure base is not available for whatever reason so attachment behaviour failed to achieve its goal. As a result, the child does not develop patterns of how the world (including people, themselves, emotions) work – who or what is ‘safe’.